Thursday, July 25, 2013

Why Conflict And War Continues In South Sudan

Why Ethnic Violence Is Ravaging the World's Newest Country -- The Atlantic

The conflict in Jonglei showcases the hurdles that South Sudan will have to overcome on its path to becoming a stable state.

Hundreds of people have been wounded in ethnic violence over the past few months in South Sudan, the world's newest country. Nearly two years after its independence, the country continues to face a myriad of obstacles to political stability and economic self-reliance. Its leadership is fragmented and is dominated by former military commanders. The government itself is largely inaccessible outside of Juba, the capital. The lack of a state apparatus in many areas, alongside large caches of small arms from the civil war, have led to the rise of militias. With little or no legal protection, conflicts over property, land, and water rights have become commonplace in the countryside. Since the South's separation from Sudan, Jonglei, the largest of the 10 states of South Sudan, has become the epicenter for ethnic division and anti-government spoilers.

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My Comment: Decades of civil war. Tribalism. Poverty. No central authority present. The list is unbelievably long on why South Sudan will probably end up becoming a failed state in the next few years.

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