TOS-1A unit at at Shikhani training ground. Wikimedia Commons/Vitaly V. Kuzmin
Sebastien Roblin, National Interest: Russia's TOS-1: Moscow's Most Powerful Weapon of War (That Isn't Nuclear)
These things have the power to wreak incredible devastation.
The TOS-1 Buratino is a unique Russian self-propelled multiple rocket launcher system (MRLS) that has seen action in global hotspots like Afghanistan, Chechnya, Iraq and Syria. Like the enormous 240-millimeter 2S4 self-propelled mortar, the TOS-1’s specialty is obliterating heavily fortified positions. Although some of these may be found in rural rebel strongholds and fortified caves, they have often been employed in heavily urbanized environments. It’s gained a uniquely nasty reputation because of the horrifying effects of its fuel-air explosive warheads.
To put it concisely, these are amongst the most devastating explosive weapons short of tactical nuclear weapons.
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Update: Russia's TOS-1 Flame Thrower is Second to None in the World (Sputnik)
WNU Editor: This weapons platform is now being used in Syria.